2023  1,500
2022  1,200
2021  1,540
2020  1,374
2019  1,023
2018  0,932
2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 58(2024) N 2 p. 319-327; DOI 10.1134/S0026893324020043 Full Text

L.G. Bobyleva1, T.A. Uryupina1, N.V. Penkov2, M.A. Timchenko1, A.D. Ulanova1, A.G. Gabdulkhakov3, I.M. Vikhlyantsev1*, A.G. Bobylev1**

The Structural Features of Skeletal Muscle Titin Aggregates

1Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow oblast, 142290 Russia
2Institute of Cell Biophysics, Federal Research Center "Pushchino Scientific Center for Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences", Pushchino, Moscow oblast, 142290 Russia
3Institute of Protein Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow oblast, 142290 Russia

Received - 2023-08-03; Revised - 2023-09-22; Accepted - 2023-09-28

Titin is a multidomain protein of striated and smooth muscles of vertebrates. The protein consists of repeating immunoglobulin-like (Ig) and fibronectin-like (FnIII) domains, which are β-sandwiches with a predominant β-structure, and also contains disordered regions. In this work, the methods of atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to study the morphology and structure of aggregates of rabbit skeletal muscle titin obtained in two different solutions: 0.15 M glycine-KOH, pH 7.0 and 200 mM KCl, 10 mM imidazole, pH 7.0. According to AFM data, skeletal muscle titin formed amorphous aggregates of different morphologies in the above two solutions. Amorphous aggregates of titin formed in a solution containing glycine consisted of much larger particles than aggregates of this protein formed in a solution containing KCl. The "KCl-aggregates" according to AFM data had the form of a "sponge"-like structure, while amorphous "glycine-aggregates" of titin formed "branching" structures. Spectrofluorometry revealed the ability of "glycine-aggregates" of titin to bind to the dye thioflavin T (TT), and X-ray diffraction revealed the presence of one of the elements of the amyloid cross β-structure, a reflection of ~4.6 Å, in these aggregates. These data indicate that "glycine-aggregates" of titin are amyloid or amyloid-like. No similar structural features were found in "KCl-aggregates" of titin; they also did not show the ability to bind to thioflavin T, indicating the non-amyloid nature of these titin aggregates. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed differences in the secondary structure of the two types of titin aggregates. The data we obtained demonstrate the features of structural changes during the formation of intermolecular bonds between molecules of the giant titin protein during its aggregation. The data expand the understanding of the process of amyloid protein aggregation.

muscle proteins, titin, aggregation, amyloids, atomic force microscopy, infrared spectroscopy