2023  1,500
2022  1,200
2021  1,540
2020  1,374
2019  1,023
2018  0,932
2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 58(2024) N 2 p. 266-278; DOI 10.1134/S0026893324020146 Full Text

V.A. Ternovoi1, E.P. Ponomareva1*,**, E.V. Protopopova1, N.L. Tupota1, T.P. Mikryukova1, V.B. Loktev1

Changes in the Genome of the Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus during Cultivation

1State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology "Vector", Koltsovo, Novosibirsk Oblast, 630559 Russia

Received - 2023-05-18; Revised - 2023-10-19; Accepted - 2023-10-29

The tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) strain C11-13 (GenBank acc. no. OQ565596) of the Siberian genotype was previously isolated from the brain of a deceased person. TBEV C11-13 variants obtained at passages 3 and 8 in SPEV cells were inoculated into the brains of white mice for subsequent passages. Full genome sequences of all virus variants were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing. A total of 41 single nucleotide substitutions were found to occur mainly in the genes for the nonstructural proteins NS3 and NS5 (GenBank MF043953, OP902894, and OP902895), and 12 amino acid substitutions were identified in the deduced protein sequences. Reverse nucleotide and amino acid substitutions were detected after three passages through mouse brains. The substitutions restored the primary structures that were characteristic of the isolate C11-13 from a human patient and changed during the eight subsequent passages in SPEV cells. In addition, the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the viral genome increased by 306 nt. The Y3 and Y2 3'-UTR elements were found to contain imperfect L and R repeats, which were probably associated with inhibition of cellular XRN1 RNase and thus involved in the formation of subgenomic flaviviral RNAs (sfRNAs). All TBEV variants showed high-level reproduction in both cell cultures and mouse brains. The genomic changes that occurred during successive passages of TBEV are most likely due to its significant genetic variability, which ensures its efficient reproduction in various hosts and its broad distribution in various climatic zones.

tick-borne encephalitis virus, viral genome, 3'-untranslated region, nucleotide substitutions, adaptive substitutions, reverse mutation, cell culture, mouse