2023  1,500
2022  1,200
2021  1,540
2020  1,374
2019  1,023
2018  0,932
2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 58(2024) N 1 p. 1-16; DOI 10.1134/S0026893324010047 Full Text

G.Ya. Fraikin1*, N.S. Belenikina1, A.B. Rubin1

Photochemical Processes of Cell DNA Damage by UV Radiation of Various Wavelengths: Biological Consequences

1Biological Faculty, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991 Russia

Received - 2023-04-27; Revised - 2023-06-01; Accepted - 2023-06-02

Photochemical reactions in cell DNA are induced in various organisms by solar UV radiation and may lead to a series of biological responses to DNA damage, including apoptosis, mutagenesis, and carcinogenesis. The chemical nature and the amount of DNA lesions depend on the wavelength of UV radiation. UV type B (UVB, 290-320 nm) causes two main lesions, cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and, with a lower yield, pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photoproducts (6-4PPs). Their formation is a result of direct UVB photon absorption by DNA bases. UV type A (UVA, 320-400 nm) induces only cyclobutane dimers, which most likely arise via triplet-triplet energy transfer (TTET) from cell chromophores to DNA thymine bases. UVA is much more effective than UVB in inducing sensitized oxidative DNA lesions, such as single-strand breaks and oxidized bases. Of the latter, 8-oxo-dihydroguanine (8-oxodG) is the most frequent, being produced in several oxidation processes. Many recent studies reported novel, more detailed information about the molecular mechanisms of the photochemical reactions that underlie the formation of various DNA lesions. The information is mostly summarized and analyzed in the review. Special attention is paid to the oxidation reactions that are initiated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and radicals generated by potential endogenous photosensitizers, such as pterins, riboflavin, protoporphyrin IX, NADH, and melanin. The review discusses the role that specific DNA photoproducts play in genotoxic processes induced in living systems by UV radiation of various wavelengths, including human skin carcinogenesis.

UV radiation, DNA photochemistry, photooxidation reactions, cell sensitizers, DNA lesions, biological consequences