2022  1,200
2021  1,540
2020  1,374
2019  1,023
2018  0,932
2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 57(2023) N 6 p. 941-950; DOI 10.1134/S0026893323060079 Full Text

E.V. Grigorieva1,2, T.M. Astakhova3, A.V. Burov1, V.L. Karpov1, A.V. Morozov1,2*

The Effects of the Hydrogen Sulfide Donor GYY4137 on the Proteasome Pool of Colorectal Cancer Cells

1Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991 Russia
2Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (National Research University), Dolgoprudny, Moscow oblast, 141701 Russia
3Koltsov Institute of Developmental Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119334 Russia

Received - 2023-04-29; Revised - 2023-06-09; Accepted - 2023-06-09

Cancer cells are characterized by an increased level of metabolism and are highly dependent on the correct functioning of the processes that ensure homeostasis. Reactive sulfur species (RSS) are important molecular modulators of metabolic processes in both healthy and tumor cells. The effect of RSS and, in particular, H2S, on key cellular systems, including the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), which provides the destruction of most intracellular proteins, has been shown. The main components of the UPS are proteasomes, multisubunit protein complexes, within which proteolysis occurs. At the same time, data on the effect of H2S directly on the pool of proteasomes in tumor cells are insufficient. Here, we studied the effect of incubation of SW620B8-mCherry colorectal adenocarcinoma cells expressing a fluorescently labeled proteasome subunit with 50, 100, and 200 μM of the hydrogen sulfide donor GYY4137. The effect of the substance on the proteasome pool was assessed 6, 24, 48, and 72 h after administration. It was shown that the chymotrypsin-like and caspase-like proteasome activity decreases in cells incubated with 200 μM of the GYY4137 for 24 h. This coincided with an increase in the expression of proteasome subunit genes. In lysates of cells incubated with 200 μM GYY4137 for 48 h an increase in the content of the constitutive β5 subunit was observed and the activity of proteasomes leveled off. Following prolonged incubation with GYY4137 (72h), an increase in the expression levels of some proteasome genes was also observed, although this did not have a significant effect on the activity and subunit composition of proteasomes. Thus, the obtained data indicate the modulation of proteasome activity by the hydrogen sulfide donor and the effect of GYY4137 on transcription and translation of proteasome genes.

H2S, hydrogen sulfide donor, proteasome, colorectal adenocarcinoma