Vol 57(2023) N 2 p. 366-373; DOI 10.1134/S0026893323020231
L.P. Zakharenko1*, D.V. Petrovskii1, R.A. Bykov1
The P-Element Has Not Significant Effect on the Drosophila simulans Viability1Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Received - 2022-07-06; Revised - 2022-09-16; Accepted - 2022-09-16
Cases of horizontal transfer of transposable elements (TEs) between species are known for the Drosophilidae family. In the middle of the last century, the case of horizontal transfer of the P-element from the Drosophila willistoni to the D. melanogaster was described. A novel P-element invasion into the D. simulans genome from D. melanogaster occurred approximately 10 years ago. Currently, the P-element has spread across all D. melanogaster population and 30% of D. simulans populations in Europe, Africa and America. In this paper, we investigated the presence of the P-element in D. simulans lines caught in different years in three Asian populations (Tashkent, Nalchik and Sakhalin Island). We also examined the physiological characteristics (cytotype, lifespan, fecundity and locomotor activity) of D. simulans lines with and without the P-element to determine the significance of this new mobile element in the genome. The P-element was found in lines isolated from nature after 2012. The number of P-element copies per genome (two-to-three dozen according to fluorescence in situ hybridization data) was greater than in the American and comparable to the African populations. There were signs of intraspecific hybrid dysgenesis for some pairs of lines. However, in general the presence of the P-element did not adversely affect the physiological characteristics. Either adaptation to the new TE occurs very quickly, or the rate of movement of the P-element is so insignificant that its appearance in the genome remains unnoticed.
Drosophila simulans, P-element, horizontal transfer, hybrid dysgenesis