Vol 57(2023) N 2 p. 284-290; DOI 10.1134/S0026893323020188
D.V. Sherbakov1, A.B. Arefieva1, P.D. Komleva1, A.E. Iz'urov1, N.V. Khotskin1, D.V. Bazovkina1, A.V. Kulikov1*,**
Alterations in the Level of mRNA of TPH1, TPH2 Genes, Tryptophan Hydroxylase Activity and Serotonin Metabolism in Mouse Brain Five Days after Lipopolysaccharide Administration1Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Received - 2022-07-24; Revised - 2022-08-25; Accepted - 2022-08-25
Tryptophan hydroxylases 1 and 2 (TPH1 and TPH2) play a key role in the synthesis of serotonin (5-HT), a hormone and neurotransmitter, in the peripheral organs and brain, respectively. The main aim of this study was to clarify the distribution of mRNA of the Tph1 and Tph2 genes in brain structures under normal conditions and after inflammation. The experiments were carried out on young (4 weeks old) male C57BL/6 mice. The animals were divided into three groups: intact, control, injected ip with saline, and injected ip with 2 mg/kg of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Markers of inflammation, spleen mass and thymus mass were assayed 5 days after the saline or LPS administration. In the frontal cortex, hippocampus, striatum, hypothalamus, and midbrain the concentrations of 5-HT and its main metabolite, 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA), and TPH activity were assayed using HPLC, while Tph1 and Tph2 mRNA were quantified using quantitative real-time RT-PCR. A dramatic increase of spleen mass and decrease of thymus mass 5 days after LPS administration was shown. A significant increase of 5-HT and 5-HIAA levels in the midbrain as well as decrease of 5-HIAA concentration and TPH activity in hypothalamus in mice treated with LPS and saline compared with intact animals was revealed. The highest concentration of Tph2 gene mRNA was observed in the midbrain in 5-HT neuron bodies, while this gene mRNA level was lower in 5-HT endings (cortex, hippocampus, striatum, and hypothalamus). Trace amounts of Tph1 mRNA was found in all studied brain structures in mice of the three groups. Thus, Tph1 gene expression in the mouse brain is too low to significantly affect 5-HT synthesis in normal conditions and during inflammation.
mice, tryptophan hydroxylase 1 and 2, serotonin, lipopolysaccharide, brain