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Vol 56(2022) N 3 p. 437-442; DOI 10.1134/S0026893322030128 Full Text

M.Yu. Sinitsky1*, A.V. Sinitskaya1, D.K. Shishkova1, A.G. Kutikhin1, V.I. Minina2, A.V. Ponasenko1

Transcription of DNA-Methyltransferases in Endothelial Cells Exposed to Mitomycin C

1Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases, Kemerovo, 650002 Russia
2Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, 650000 Russia

*max-sinitsky@rambler.ru
Received - 2021-08-27; Revised - 2021-10-07; Accepted - 2021-10-18

DNA-methyltransferases catalyze DNA methylation in the CpG sites, which play an important role in the maintenance of genome stability. The association between DNA methylation and genotoxic stress resulting in the action of various clastogens has been shown. Genotoxic stress is one of the triggers of endothelial dysfunction. In this study, the transcription of DNMT1, DNMT3A and DNMT3B genes in coronary (HCAEC) and internal thoracic (HITAEC) artery endothelial cells exposed to alkylating mutagen mitomycin C was studied using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In HCAEC exposed to mitomycin C, DNMT1 transcription is 1.7-fold higher compared to the unexposed control. After elimination of the mutagen from the cultures followed by 24-hours of cultivation, a 2-fold increase of transcription of DNMT3B in HCAEC exposed to mitomycin C compared to the control was observed. At the same time, no changes in transcription of the studied DNA-methyltransferases were found in HITAEC exposed to the mutagen. Thus, increased transcription of DNA-methyltransferase may be a possible molecular mechanism underlying endothelial dysfunction in response to mutagenic load in an in vitro experiment.

endothelial cells, DNA-methyltransferases, mitomycin C, mutagenesis, methylation, endothelial dysfunction



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