Vol 56(2022) N 1 p. 115-123; DOI 10.1134/S0026893322010046
S.A. Lapa1*, O.S. Volkova1, V.E. Kuznetsova1, A.S. Zasedatelev1, A.V. Chudinov1
Study of Multiple Enzymatic Incorporation of Modified Nucleotides of Purine and Pyrimidine Nature in the Growing DNA Chain1Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Received - 2021-04-27; Revised - 2021-04-27; Accepted - 2021-05-21
The substrate properties of nitrogen-base modified derivatives of purine and pyrimidine deoxynucleoside triphosphates during their simultaneous pairwise insertion into the growing DNA strand have been studied. Modified nucleotides were introduced using real-time PCR and the primer extension reaction; in one reaction, derivatives with both different and similar functional substituents were used. Genomic bacterial DNA, specially constructed synthetic DNA fragments, and SELEX libraries were used as templates. The reactions were performed using DNA polymerases with no 3'-5' correcting exonuclease activity: Taq, Vent (exo-), DeepVent (exo-), and KOD XL. It was shown that the substrate efficiency is affected by both the size of the substituent group and the chemical nature of deoxynucleoside triphosphate. The effectiveness varies significantly depending on the polymerase used. The most effective of the studied substrates are pyrimidine deoxynucleoside triphosphates in combination with Vent (exo-) DNA polymerase. DNAs modified by pairs of dissimilar nucleotides (dU + dC, dU + dA, dC + dA) with similar and different functional substituents were obtained.
modified deoxynucleoside triphosphates, multiple enzymatic incorporation of modified nucleotides into DNA, modified aptamers