2022  1,200
2021  1,540
2020  1,374
2019  1,023
2018  0,932
2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 55(2021) N 1 p. 83-91; DOI 10.1134/S0026893321010076 Full Text

Z. Iqbal1* **, M.N. Sattar2, M. Khurshid3

Cotton Leaf Curl Multan Betasatellite as a Tool to Study the Localization of Geminiviruses in Plants

1Central Laboratories, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, 31982 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, 31982 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore, 54590 Pakistan

Received - 2020-03-11; Revised - 2020-04-30; Accepted - 2020-05-27

Cotton leaf curl Multan betasatellite (CLCuMB) is a ubiquitous betasatellite commonly found along with cotton leaf curl disease (CLCuD) associated begomoviruses in the Old World. It has a promiscuous replicative nature and trans-replicated by a diverse range of geminiviruses. CLCuMB encodes a single ORF, βCl, in the complementary direction and has pathogenicity, symptoms determinant, suppressor of post-transcription and transcription gene silencing functions. After substituting the βC1 gene with the target gene, it has been used successfully as a gene delivery vector. In the present study, the βC1 gene of CLCuMB was substituted with the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene, and the resulting construct utilized as a reporter vector to decipher in planta localization of geminiviruses. The recombinant CLCuMB expressing GFP (CLCuMB-GFP) was co-inoculated to Nicotiana benthamiana plants either with Cotton leaf curl Kokharan virus (CLCuKoV) alone or in a combination with the wild type CLCuMB to investigate the objectives of the study. Results showed that CLCuKoV successfully supported the replication and systemic movement of CLCuMB-GFP either alone or in the presence of wild type CLCuMB. The presence of CLCuMB-GFP was readily detected with PCR and Southern blot hybridization. The modified CLCuMB may serve as a tool useful for in planta localization of geminiviruses.

cellular localization, CLCuKoV, CLCuMB, expression vector, green fluorescent protein