2022  1,200
2021  1,540
2020  1,374
2019  1,023
2018  0,932
2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 54(2020) N 6 p. 870-875; DOI 10.1134/S0026893320060072 Full Text

N.E. Kushlinskii1, V.I. Loginov2,3, D.O. Utkin4, E.A. Filippova2, A.M. Burdennyy2, E.A. Korotkova1, I.V. Pronina2, S.S. Lukina2, A.V. Smirnova4, E.S. Gershtein1, E.A. Braga2,3*

Novel miRNAs as Potential Regulators of PD-1/PD-L1 Immune Checkpoint, and Prognostic Value of MIR9-1 and MIR124-2 Methylation in Ovarian Cancer

1Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 115478 Russia
2Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, Moscow, 125315 Russia
3Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Moscow, 115478 Russia
4Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 119435 Russia

Received - 2020-06-22; Revised - 2020-07-03; Accepted - 2020-07-05

Ovarian cancer (OC) is mostly detected at late stages weighed down with metastasis, and the five-year survival rate of patients is only 30%, which dictates the necessity to develop gentler and more selectively targeted drugs that current chemotherapeutic agents. The search for factors that can influence on the activity of the PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint signaling pathway in tumors is relevant, and micro RNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in it. Over the past 5 years, only a few miRNAs (miR-34a, miR-145, and miR-424), which have a regulatory effect on the PD-1/PD-L1 system in OC patients, have been discovered. In present work, the methylation levels of 13 miRNA genes in 26 primary tumors and 19 peritoneal metastases of OC patients were determined and compared with the level of the soluble form of PD-L1 (sPD-L1) in the blood plasma of the same patients. It was shown that the methylation levels of five miRNA genes (MIR124-2, MIR34B/C, MIR9-1, MIR9-3, and MIR339) in tumors are in direct correlation with the sPD-L1 level in the blood plasma. In addition, when analyzing these five genes, a significant association of the methylation level of the MIR9-1 gene with a decrease in the three-year relapse-free survival, and a trend for decrease in the three-year survival rate with the methylation level of the MIR124-2 gene of OC patients were determined. Thus, the first data suggesting the role of inhibitors of the sPD-L1 immune checkpoint for five miRNAs (miR-124, miR-34b, miR-34c, miR-9, miR-339) and the possibility of using hypermethylated MIR9-1 and, presumably, MIR124-2 genes as independent prognostic markers of poor disease-free survival in OC patients were obtained.

ovarian cancer, miRNA, DNA methylation, immune checkpoints, sPD-L1, relapse-free survival