Vol 54(2020) N 3 p. 458-463; DOI 10.1134/S002689332003019X
E.R. Vagapova1, T.D. Lebedev1, A.D. Tikhonova1, B.V. Goikhman1, K.A. Ivanenko1, P.V. Spirin1, V.S. Prassolov1*
High Expression Level of SP1, CSF1R, and PAK1 Correlates with Sensitivity of Leukemia Cells to the Antibiotic Mithramycin1Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Received - 2020-01-17; Revised - 2020-01-17; Accepted - 2020-01-27
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a genetically heterogeneous group of oncological diseases of the hematopoietic system, which are extremely difficult to treat. The development of new targeted drugs (Hylteritinib, Venetoclax) significantly improved the survival of patients, but resistance, as well as cytotoxic anti-leukemia drugs, often occurs. The search for new molecular targets for the development of effective approaches for the treatment of AML is very urgent. In blast cells of patients with AML, mutations, chromosomal rearrangements, and increased expression of a number of non-mutant genes, including transcription factor genes, are detected. The transcription factor Sp 1 binds to GC-rich regions of regulatory regions of various genes and thus controls their expression. Sp1 targets include genes responsible for proliferation, cell cycle regulation, and differentiation. In many malignant diseases, a high level of Sp1 gene expression is associated with an unfavorable prognosis, therefore, Sp1 is considered as a promising therapeutic target for cancer. In this paper, we estimated the expression levels of Sp1 in various malignant tissues. Increased Sp1 expression was detected in samples obtained from patients with AML, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Ewing sarcoma, ovarian and kidney cancer. It is also shown that Sp1 expression correlates with the expression of genes encoding cytokine receptors and growth factors (CSF1R and IL6R), intracellular kinases (CSK, SYK, PAK1, ILK, JAK2), and transcription factor LMO2. The correlation between expression levels of Sp1 and CSF1R, SYK, Jak2 and LMO2 is also characteristic of transplanted human leukemia cells. We measured expression levels of Sp1, CSF1R, ILK, PAK1 in the cells of three transplantable lines of human leukemia and found increased levels of expression of these genes in Kasumi-1 cells. In addition, we showed that Kasumi-1 cells are most sensitive to Mitramycin, a drug that displaces Sp1 from its targets with DNA. Our data indicate the need to identify AML cells that are most sensitive to inhibition of Sp1 activity in order to assess the possibility of suppressing its activity in vivo.
acute myeloid leukemia, malignant diseases, transcription factors, Sp1, Mitramycin