2020  1,374
2019  1,023
2018  0,932
2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 53(2019) N 3 p. 419-426; DOI 10.1134/S0026893319030038 Full Text

A.I. Burlin1, S.V. Tillib1*

Differentially Expressed Long Noncoding RNAs in the Promoter Region of the fork head Gene in Drosophila melanogaster Detected by Northern Blot Hybridization

1Institute of Gene Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119334 Russia

Received - 2018-12-03; Revised - 2018-12-13; Accepted - 2018-12-13

It is known that long (200-300 nucleotides and longer) non-protein-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) tissue-specifically expressed from the regulatory regions of developmental genes can regulate the transcription of the mRNA of these genes. In this study, an attempt is made to identify differentially expressed ncRNAs in the extended promoter region of the fork head (fkh) gene of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. We investigated four preparations of the total RNA: from embryos, from adult flies (separately from females and males), and from the S2 cell line of cultured Drosophila cells. In the total RNA preparations from embryos and adult flies, the levels of fkh expression differed substantially, whereas in S2 cells its expression is not detected at all (shown in this work). We perform classical Northern blot analysis of gel-separated RNAs hybridized to a series of radioactively labeled DNA fragments corresponding to the adjacent and partially overlapping regions of the promoter region of the fkh gene. Several previously unknown differentially expressed ncRNAs are detected, including those in the regions overlapping with the previously detected regulatory elements (TRE1 and salivary gland enhancer sgE) and the transcription start site of the fkh gene. The collected data complement and clarify the results of the previously conducted RNA-seq experiments, in particular, in terms of the length of the detected RNAs. These results may serve as a foundation for further studies of the mechanisms of tissue-specific regulation of the fkh gene expression.

regulatory noncoding RNA, Northern blot, Drosophila, epigenetic regulation, tissue-specific gene expression