2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 52(2018) N 5 p. 637-647; DOI 10.1134/S0026893318050096 Full Text

A.L. Kozlova1, M.E. Valieva1, N.V. Maluchenko1*, V.M. Studitsky1,2**

HMGB Proteins as DNA Chaperones That Modulate Chromatin Activity

1Biological Faculty, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119234 Russia
2Cancer Epigenetics Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA 19111 USA

Received - 2018-01-24; Accepted - 2018-03-06

HMGB proteins are involved in structural rearrangements caused by regulatory chromatin remodeling factors. Particular interest is attracted to a DNA chaperone mechanism, suggesting that the HMGB proteins introduce bends into the double helix, thus rendering DNA accessible to effector proteins and facilitating their activity. The review discusses the role that the HMBG proteins play in key intranuclear processes, including assembly of the preinitiation complex during transcription of ribosomal genes; transcription by RNA polymerases I, II, and III; recruitment of the SWI/SNF complex during transcription of nonribosomal genes; DNA repair; etc. The functions of the HMGB proteins are considered in detail with the examples of yeast HMO1 and NHP6. The two proteins possess unique features in adition to properties characteristic of the HMGB proteins. Thus, NHP6 stimulates a large-scale ATP-independent unwrapping of nucleosomal DNA by the FACT complex, while in its absence FACT stabilizes the nucleosome. HMO1 acts as an alternative linker histone. Both HMO1 and NHP6 are of applied interest primarly because they are homologs of human HMGB1, an important therapeutic target of anticancer and anti-inflammatory treatments.

chromatin, nucleosome, transcription, transcription factors, HMGB proteins, HMO1, NHP6, HMGB1, SPT16, POB3, FACT