Vol 52(2018) N 3 p. 430-435; DOI 10.1134/S0026893318030123
M.V. Shepelev*, M.V. Tikhonov, S.V. Kalinichenko, I.V. Korobko
Insertion of Multiple Artificial Introns of Universal Design into cDNA during Minigene Construction Assures Correct Transgene SplicingInstitute of Gene Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119334 Russia
Received - 2017-09-08; Accepted - 2017-11-07
The presence of introns is often required for efficient transgene expression. The use of full-length genes for transgenesis is associated with technical difficulties due to the large size of the genetic construct. To solve this problem, we recently suggested a universal design of small artificial introns that ensures efficient splicing. However, the insertion of more than one intron into cDNA might result in the aberrant splicing of the minigene with exon skipping. Here, we showed that the insertion of two artificial introns of universal design into cDNA resulted in a splicing pattern that corresponds to the excision of each intron with an exon between them remaining in the transcript. No transcript formation with exon skipping was detected. Therefore, the developed design of small artificial introns assures splicing solely between the donor and the acceptor splice sites of each single intron and results in the generation of a correct transcript from minigene pre-mRNA. These findings enable the construction of minigenes for transgenesis with more than one artificial intron, with no additional cis-elements required to prevent aberrant splicing.
artificial intron, aberrant splicing, exon skipping, cDNA, transgene expression, EGFP