Vol 48(2014) N 2 p. 263-269; DOI 10.1134/S0026893314020058
S.Yu. Funikov*, D.G. Garbuz, O.G. Zatsepina
Kinetics of Heat-Shock Response upon Dysfunction of General Transcription Factor (HSF)Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991, Russia
Received - 2013-09-26; Accepted - 2013-11-07
The heat shock transcription factor (HSF) is a evolutionarily conserved activator of the heat shock protein and the expression of the hsp gene in eukaryotes. The temperature-sensitive hsf4 mutation in Drosophila melanogaster was originally considered to be a complete loss of function. We found that the HSF4 function is only lost temporarily after heat exposure, and is eventually recovered, even after severe heat stress, which manifests in the induction of hsp gene expression. We investigated the kinetics of the accumulation and degradation of the transcript and protein products in the hsf4 strain and found that the induction of hsp genes upon recovery is still weaker than in the wild-type strain. Therefore, the hsf4 is as hypomorphic allele. Although the HSF4 protein can induce the hsp genes, the response to heat shock in the hsf4 strain remains defective.
Drosophila melanogaster heat shock response, transcription, heat shock transcription factor, translation, DNA-binding activity, loss of function, hypomorphic allele