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Vol 42(2008) N 1 p. 86-90;
T.V. Kekeeva1,2, O.P. Popova2, P.V. Shegai3, L.E. Zavalishina3, Yu.Yu. Andreeva3, D.V. Zaletaev1, M.V. Nemtsova1

Loss of heterozygosity and microsatellite instability in tumor-associated stromal cells and tumor epithelium of prostate cancer

1Medical Genetic Research Center, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, 115478, Russia
2Institute of Molecular Medicine, Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy, Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation, Moscow, 119992, Russia
3Herzen Oncological Research Institute, Moscow, 125284, Russia
Received - 2007-03-27; Accepted - 2007-04-13

In the past decade, intense studies of the tumor microenvironment yielded ample data testifying to the critical role of stroma in carcinogenesis. Genetic lesions accumulate not only in the tumor epithelium, but also in tumor-associated fibroblasts. The epithelial and stromal components of prostate cancer (PC) and prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) were isolated by laser capture microdissection and subjected to microsatellite analysis of chromosome regions 8p22, 13q14, and 16q23. The frequency of allele alterations in the epithelium was 48% for 8p22, 72% for 13q14, and 37% for 16q23. Slightly higher frequencies of the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and microsatellite instability in these loci were observed in tumor-associated stroma. Molecular alterations were also found in both epithelial (16-27%) and stromal (8-22%) components in PIN. LOH on chromosomes 16 and 13 in the epithelium was significantly associated with the Gleason score, PC stage, and metastasis into regional lymph nodes. Thus, multiple genetic aberrations occur in the stromal component of PC as frequently as in the tumor epithelium.

prostate cancer, microdissection, loss of heterozygosity, microsatellite instability, tumor microenvironment



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