Vol 50(2016) N 1 p. 1-6; DOI 10.1134/S0026893316010131
M. Ashwini1, S.B. Murugan1,2, S. Balamurugan1,3, R. Sathishkumar1*
Advances in Molecular Cloning1Plant Genetic Engineering Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Biotechnology, PSR College of Engineering, Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, India
3Department of Genetic Engineering, SRM University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Received - 2015-01-29; Accepted - 2015-03-03
"Molecular cloning" meaning creation of recombinant DNA molecules has impelled advancement throughout life sciences. DNA manipulation has become easy due to powerful tools showing exponential growth in applications and sophistication of recombinant DNA technology. Cloning genes has become simple what led to an explosion in the understanding of gene function by seamlessly stitching together multiple DNA fragments or by the use of swappable gene cassettes, maximizing swiftness and litheness. A novel archetype might materialize in the near future with synthetic biology techniques that will facilitate quicker assembly and iteration of DNA clones, accelerating the progress of gene therapy vectors, recombinant protein production processes and new vaccines by in vitro chemical synthesis of any in silico-specified DNA construct. The advent of innovative cloning techniques has opened the door to more refined applications such as identification and mapping of epigenetic modifications and high-throughput assembly of combinatorial libraries. In this review, we will examine the major breakthroughs in cloning techniques and their applications in various areas of biological research that have evolved mainly due to easy construction of novel expression systems.
cloning, restriction, ligation independent cloning, recombination, applications