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Vol 47(2013) N 2 p. 236-241;
E.Y. Nosova*, M.A. Krasnova, K.Y. Galkina, M.V. Makarova, V.I. Litvinov, A.M. Moroz

Comparative Analysis of TB-Biochip, Xpert MTB/RIF, and GenoType MTBDRplus Test Systems for Rapid Determination of Mutations Responsible for Drug Resistance of M. tuberculosis complex (in Sputum from Patients in Moscow Region)

Scientific and Clinical Antituberculosis Center of Moscow Government Health Department, 107014 Russia

*rna68@rambler.ru
Received - 2012-05-31; Accepted - 2012-08-27

We studied the frequency of occurrence and combinations of mutations in rpoB, katG, inhA, and oxyR-ahpC genes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) DNA isolated from patients of Moscow region. In isoniazid monoresistant MTB isolates, Ser315Thr mutation in the katG gene prevails (15.8%), whereas the most frequent mutations in multidrug-resistant MTB isolates were Ser531Leu in the rpoB gene, Ser315Thr in the katG gene (26.3%), and their combination with C(-15)T in the inhA gene (5.3%). The efficiency of TB-Biochip (OOO Biochip-IMB Russia), Xpert MTB/RIF (Cepheid, United States), and GenoType MTBDRplus (Hain Life-science, Germany) test systems was analyzed and compared with the efficiency of luminescent microscopy and phenotypic drug-susceptibility testing in BACTECTM MGITTM 960 automated system (Becton, Dickinson and Company, United States). Using Xpert MTB/RIF, TB-Biochip, and GenoType MTBDRplus systems, MTB DNA was detected in sputum from patients in 92, 78, and 49% of all culture-positive cases, respectively. Standard cultural data match the test results of the susceptibility of MTB for Xpert MTB/RIF (rifampicin resistance) and for TB-Biochip and GenoType MTBDRplus (resistance to rifampicin and isoniazid) by 100, 97, and 100%, respectively. Thus, Xpert MTB/RIF system is the most efficient in primary MTB DNA detection, and TB-Biochip is the only one sensitive enough for both MTB DNA detection and determination of MTB multidrug resistance in sputum. Multidrug resistance is considered as resistance to both rifampicin and isoniazid.

M. tuberculosis DNA, rifampicin, isoniazid, TB-Biochip, Xpert MTB/RIF, GenoType MTBDRplus, respiratory samples, drug susceptibility testing



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