JMB-HEADER RAS-JOURNALS EIMB Pleiades Publishing

RUS

             

ENG

YearIMPACT-FACTOR
2021  1,540
2020  1,374
2019  1,023
2018  0,932
2017  0,977
2016  0,799
2015  0,662
2014  0,740
2013  0,739
2012  0,637
2011  0,658
2010  0,654
2009  0,570
2008  0,849
2007  0,805
2006  0,330
2005  0,435
2004  0,623
2003  0,567
2002  0,641
2001  0,490
2000  0,477
1999  0,762
1998  0,785
1997  0,507
1996  0,518
1995  0,502
Vol 47(2013) N 2 p. 165-180;
V.I. Aksenova1, O.V. Bylino1, B.D. Zhivotovsky1,2*, I.N. Lavrik1,3

Caspase-2: What Do We Know Today?

1Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991 Russia
2Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, 17177, Sweden
3Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, 39120, Germany

*Boris.Zhivotovsky@ki.se
Received - 2012-08-28; Accepted - 2012-09-17

Apoptosis (programmed cell death) is essential process in multicellular organisms. Apoptosis plays an important role in cell differentiation, damaged cell elimination, and immune system homeostasis. The review focuses on various mechanisms of signal transduction through caspase-2, which is thought to be one of the most enigmatic proteases involved in apoptosis. Caspase-2 is activated upon stimulation by various factors, including genotoxic stress, death receptor ligation, endoplasmic reticulum stress, metabolic changes, and a number of others. In addition, caspase-2 can act as a tumor suppressor and has been implicated in the cell response to oxidative stress and neurodegenerative progression during ischemic brain injury. Thus, the variety of pathways triggered by caspase-2 sets the enzyme apart from other members of the family and suggests a prominent role in apoptosis. The review analyzes the various functions of this unique caspase and discusses the possible applications of the available knowledge about it in modern oncology and medicine.

apoptosis, caspase-2, caspase activity, PIDDosome, tumor suppressor



JMB-FOOTER RAS-JOURNALS