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Vol 56(2022) N 1 p. 97-106; DOI 10.1134/S0026893322010058 Full Text

V.N. Mal'tseva1*, M.V. Goltyaev1, S.V. Novoselov1, E.G. Varlamova1

Effects of Sodium Selenite and Dithiothreitol on Expression of Endoplasmic Reticulum Selenoproteins and Apoptosis Markers in MSF7 Breast Adenocarcinoma Cells

1Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290 Russia

*mvn3@mail.ru
Received - 2021-02-09; Revised - 2021-05-02; Accepted - 2021-05-30

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducers dithiothreitol (DTT) and sodium selenite (SS) were tested for effect on expression of ER selenoproteins and apoptosis markers in MCF7 breast adenocarcinoma cells. DTT used at 1 or 5 mM did not affect the survival of MCF7 cells. Based on the real-time PCR data and the protein expression levels of ER stress markers, ER stress was assumed to evolve along an adaptation pathway in MCF7 cells treated with 1 or 5 mM DTT, involving mainly the transcription factors IRE1 and ATF6 and the selenoproteins SELS, SELK, SELT, SELM, and SELN. Cell treatment with 0.01 μM SS decreases the mRNA levels of all genes examined. When the SS concentration was increased to 0.1 μM, an increase in expression was observed for key ER stress genes and apoptosis markers, including CHOP, GADD34, PUMA, BIM, ATF4, sXBP, uXBP, AKT1, BAX, and BAK. Higher SS concentrations were assumed to trigger the unfolded protein response (UPR) via a proapoptic signaling pathway involving PERK and an alternative IRE1 signaling pathway. Used at 1 μM, SS increased the mRNA levels of apoptosis markers, upregulated expression of a spliced form of XBP1, and substantially decreased the cell survival. SS (1 μM) was assumed to trigger apoptosis in MCF7 cells. The results indicate that both adaptive and proapoptic UPR signaling pathways are activated in cells, depending on the nature and concentration of the ER stress inducer.

endoplasmic reticulum stress, selenoproteins, sodium selenite, dithiothreitol, apoptosis



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